IT may have been Jesse Franklyn Fuller who, in 1896, first talked those 8 ‘ancestral heads’ of early Fuller families and then proceeded to list 9 and their dates of arrival to New England. This list of 8 ‘ancestral heads’ and 9 names was repeated by Newton Fuller in his 1898 Genealogy of Fuller families’ book.
HOWEVER, it was likely William Hyslop Fuller who, in 1910, first defined “Ancestral Fuller families” as those American families, whose emigrant ancestor settled in America prior to 1650 and listed 10 families.
INTERESTING, that Charles Edward Banks listed John Fuller of Lavenham, UK emigrating to Cambridge, USA (no date given) in his manuscript of English Emigrants to New England 1620-1650.
EARLIER historians did not use the term ‘Ancestral Fullers’ but cited several Fuller families as first settlers in New England and in fact James Savage in his 1860 book named some 12 early Fuller families [a refined list from the John Farmer’s 1829 Register] which may have been the source of many later historical works. We note that 11 early Fuller families, who arrived in New England prior to 1650, are listed in the Charles Pope 1900 Pioneers book. Pope provided more information on the early Fuller settlers and gave us an insight into their origins. It was likely Pope who may have been the first to recognize that John Fuller of Cambridge (Newton) was not the John Fuller, who sailed on the Abigail in 1635, as most historians of the time believed.
I. William Hyslop Fuller(1), in his 1910 book, wrote:
“Nearly nine generations of Dr. Samuel Fuller’s descendants have passed away without any collection of their genealogical records having been made. Meanwhile old records have been fading, wearing out, being lost, neglected and burned, as for example, the list of towns whose documents have been destroyed by fire is quite extensive.
While making a search for the records of descendants of Edward Fuller of the Mayflower, a brother of Dr. Samuel, and since publishing (in 1908) the material obtained, I have been collecting information concerning this, another of the ancestral American Fuller families, and herewith present the results thus far obtained. Records of this kind will always be incomplete, and in this case it is my judgment that it is time, and the safest and most advisable course, to publish what I have already obtained rather than await the slow and uncertain process of accumulation of some of the data which will be found wanting. In regard to the term ‘Ancestral Fuller families’ it has seemed quite appropriate to speak of those American families as ancestral, whose emigrant ancestor settled in America prior to 1650.”
“These heads of families, so far as I know were ten in number:
- Edward Fuller, born in 1575, came to America in 1620. [Vol 1- 1908]
- Dr. Samuel, born in 1580, came to America in 1620. [Vol 2 – 1910]
- John of Lynn, born in ?, came to America in 1630. [Vol 3 – 1914]
- John of Newton, born in 1611, came to America in 1635. [Vol 3 – 1914]
- John of Ipswich, born in 1620, came to America in 1635. [Vol 3 – 1914]
- Thomas of Woburn, born in ?, came to America in 1638. [Vol 4 – 1919]
- Robert of Salem, born in ?, came to America in 1638. [Vol 4 note of thanks to Newton Fuller of New London]
- Robert of Dorchester, born in ?, came to America in 1640. [Vol 3 – 1914]
- Captain Matthew, born in ?, came to America in 1640. [Volume 3 – 1914]
- Thomas of Dedham, born in ?, came to America in 1642.” [Francis H. Fuller Book]
[Note: Although W.H. F. lists ten ‘Ancestral Fuller’ families in his 1910, Volume 2, he provides detail genealogy of only eight in his four books. We assume that he recognized that the remaining two Ancestral Fuller family’s detail had already been published by Newton Fuller and Francis H. Fuller. Secondly, although he talks about William, the brother of John of Ipswich, he does not count him as one of the ten, likely because he left no descendants.]
(1) William Hyslop Fuller, The Genealogy of some Descendants of Dr. Samuel Fuller of the Mayflower – to which is added a Supplement to the Genealogy of some of the Descendants of Edward Fuller of the Mayflower published in 1908, Printed by C.B. Fiske & Co., Palmer, Mass. 1910, Vol. II, Preface, page 5.
“Robert Fuller, of Salem, according to the best evidence at our command, came from Southampton, England, in ship Bevis in the year 1638. He was progenitor of many Fuller families of New England, and was one of eight early settlers of America by the name of Fuller who are ANCESTRAL HEADS of a large and worthy progeny, wide-spread over the United States and in Canada.
To ascertain the special consanguinity of these eight ancestral Fullers would necessitate a research in the records of England. Dr. Samuel and Edward of the “May flower” were brothers, and the ethnological evidences forcibly favour a common origin not very far remote.
The eight Ancestral Fullers are:
- Dr. Samuel, and his brother Edward, of the Mayflower, 1620.
- John, of Ipswich, Mass., and William, of Hampton, N. H., who came in 1634
- Thomas of Dedham, and John, of Newton, Mass., who came in 1635.
- Robert, of Salem, and Thomas of Woburn, Mass., who came in l638
- Robert, of Dorchester, afterward of Dedham, Mass., who came in 1640.
William, of Hampton, N. H., left no children; his property was inherited by the children of his brother John of Ipswich. The numerous descendants of the eight Ancestral Heads are found, almost universally, to exhibit intelligence, a high moral tone, a spirit of thrifty independence and enterprise, which has marked them as worthy sons of their pilgrim fathers, whose high toned principles were ever regarded as dearer than life itself.”
III. James Savage(3) in his 1860 book listed these early Fullers:
[It should be noted that the early Fullers to New England named by Savage are basically an updated and expanded list of the early Fullers identified by John Farmer in his 1829 book ‘A Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New-England’. The Savage book goes beyond the first settlers and gives us the first three generations; however, for the purpose of this section, we list here his ‘Ancestral Fullers’ as defined by William Hyslop Fuller.]
- Edward, of the Mayflower, 1620.
- Samuel, brother of Edward, Mayflower, 1620
- Edward, Boston, 1630
- Giles, Hampton, 1640
- John, Ipswich, 1634
- John, Lynn, 1644
- John, Cambridge/Newton, maybe 1635
- Robert, Dorchester/Dedham, 1640
- Robert, Salem, 1639
- Thomas, Woburn, before 1643
- Thomas, Dedham, 1643
- William, Ipswich, 1635
- Edward, Mayflower ; d. in 1621; s. Samuel, res. in Plymouth.
- Samuel, physician, Mayflower ; d. 1633; Will prob. July 30, 1638, mentions son Samuel, dau. Mercy.
- Edward, Charlestown, before Gen. Court 3 Jul. 1639.
- Giles, prop, for propr. at Dedham, 1638. Rem. to Hampton, weaver, son of Roger, of Topcraft, Norf. Eng., yeoman.
- John, joiner, Boston, bought land in Lynn 9 (6) 1639 to be paid by Edward Fuller of Olney, Bucks [L.].
- John, came in the Abigail in May, 1635, with William F. Settled at Ipswich; d. June 4, 1666.
- John, farmer, maltster, Cambridge, propr. 1644.
- Robert, Salem, 1639.
- Robert, Dorchester, 1640. Rem. to Dedham.
- Thomas, Woburn. propr. 1640.
- Thomas, Dedham, propr. Nov. 25, 1642.
- William, ae. 25, with John, ae. 15, came in the Abigail in May, 1635. Settled at Ipswich.
V. Jesse Franklyn Fuller(5) in his 1896 book wrote:
ANCESTRY. It is well established that those bearing the name of Fuller, sonumerous and wide-spread over the United States and Canada have descended from eight ancestral heads, the dates of whose arrival in this country is as follows:
- Dr. Samuel, and his brother Edward, of Hampton, N.H., who came in 1620.
- John, of Ipswich, Mass., and William, of Hampton, N.H., who came in 1634.
- Thomas, of Dedham, and John, of Newton, Mass., who can in 1635.
- Robert, of Salem, and Thomas, of Woburn, Mass., who came in 1638.
- Robert, of Dorchester, later of Dedham, Mass., who came in 1640.
Although positive evidence is wanting it is very probable that in England these several heads has a common ancestor. This record attempts to deal with the ancestor Thomas, of Woburn, later of Salem.”
[Note: J.F.F states there were eight Ancestral Fuller families and then lists nine; again we assume that he did not count William of Hampton in his eight as William left no descendants.]
VI. Charles Edward Banks(6) – English Emigrants 1620 – 1650
Quote from the Editor and Publisher’s Note, page v-vi.
“Colonel Banks searched carefully the 41 counties and shires of England, including the City of London, and obtained from the 1,194 parishes in these respective counties, shires and the City of London, the record of 2,885 emigrants to New England from the time of the sailing of the “Mayflower” (1620) to the year 1650, inclusive. Colonel Banks began this notable research work in England, with distinct purpose of connecting the New England emigrants [immigrants] with the respective parishes from whence they came. This is, by far, the most valuable portion of this compilation. There should be no doubt in the mind of any impartial reader as to the authenticity and thoroughness with which Colonel Charles Edward Banks obtained the data in this manuscript…”
This dictionary compiles the names of 2885 emigrants, listed by Parish within each County in England with the name of the town in New England with a column of references, and in some cases, the name of the ship.
John Fuller’s name is listed on page 157, as part of 10 names for Suffolk County from the Parish of Lavenham and his town was Cambridge Mass. John’s wife and children are not listed on the page for ‘Wives and Children’. Banks quoted NEGR [Register] 49/491 as a reference/source, which quotes a section of the Walter Cole Will that states that Walter’s daughter, Elizabeth, was the wife of John Fuller in New England. The material in this 1895 Register (p491) has an addendum that states the John Fuller in the Walter’s Will may be the John Fuller of Cambridge, who settled on the south side of the river, now Newton, about 1644 and adds some detail about his life.
(6) Banks, Charles Edward, Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England 1620-1650, (Originally published, Philadelphia, 1937), Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, (fifth printing) 1976.